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Common Name:
Black Spitting Thicktail Scorpion
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Common Name:  Black Spitting Thicktail Scorpion

Other Common Names:  South African Fattail Scorpion, South African Giant Fat Tail, South African Spitting Scorpion

Scientific Name:  Parabuthus transvaalicus  (Full Taxonomy)

Group:  Scorpion

Origin or Range:  Africa

Relative Size:  Larger Than Average  
    (as compared to other scorpions)

Average Lifespan:  ??? year(s)

Compatibility:  Aggressive   
    (as compared to other scorpions)

Category:  Arachnids » Scorpions
Animal Description:  

The Black Spitting Thicktail Scorpion, also known as the South African Fattail Scorpion or South African Giant Fat Tail, is one of the largest members of its family (buthid).

The Black Spitting Thicktail Scorpion is considered one of the most venomous species of scorpion on the continent of Africa. This species is considered dangerous, and because of its strong venom it is only recommended for experienced hobbyists. Even though this species has small pinchers their main means of defense is spraying venom on prey and enemies. In the wild the Black Spitting Thicktail Scorpion feeds on lizards and small insects. Not much information is available on the captive care of this scorpion, though it is not uncommon in the pet trade.

The Black Spitting Thicktail Scorpion will grow to a length of four and a half to five inches in length. They are commonly seen in black or brown, but may also be a chocolate-brown color, and lighter at the legs and pedipalp with red-brown pinchers. They possess powerful cauda with numerous reddish hairs.

In the wild, the Black Spitting Thicktail Scorpion is found on the Continent of Africa in Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, and Zimbabwe. They live in the deserts and scrublands in burrows, under stones, and logs.

Specific Care Information: Relative Care Ease: Uncertain

You should wear safety goggles at all times when dealing with this species. They are extremely dangerous to handle. This species is able to squirt venom up to one meter away, and venom in the eyes can be very dangerous. You may experience severe pain and temporary blindness, and you may permanently damage your sight if the venom is not flushed immediately. Their venom will rarely cause more than localized pain. However, there have been cases of significant parasympatheitc, cardiac, and central nervous system problems reported as a result of their sting. Children under 10 years of age and those allergic to their venom should NEVER handle them, as they can be deadly.

This scorpion can not be housed with other scorpions... only when breeding can they be kept together and only under a close eye to make sure neither of the two attempt to kill the other. Enclosures should be kept between 75-85 degrees Fahrenheit and humidity should be around 55 percent.

Breeding and Propagation: Relative Breeding Ease: Relatively Difficult

It has been reported that breeding the Black Spitting Thicktail Scorpion in captivity may be difficult be cause they often attempt to kill each other.

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Sunday, 29 March 2015